Photos of the activities of the Free Kuwait Campaign in London, UK, August 1990 through March 1991
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Committees & Membership

This chart presents the committee structure of the FKC. The website’s main coverage is of the 5 committees highlighted in black. The coverage does not reflect the size of a committee’s contribution to the cause, but rather the website author’s personal involvement in FKC activities.

 
 
 Kuwaiti High Committee 
Advisory Board
A. Al-Obaidly
PhD student

Chairman
KHC

B. Al-Nashi
PhD student

Vice Chairman
KHC
Chairman
Finance
Committee

Chairman
Foreign
Relations
Committee

Member
Research &
Studies Center

Member
Students Committee

S. Al-Abduljader
PhD student

Secretary General
KHC
Member
Finance
Committee

Member
Research &
Studies Center

K. Al-Hajri
PhD student

Member
KHC
Chairman
Media Committee
Member
Research &
Studies Center

A. Al-Houli
PhD student

Member
KHC
Chairman
Kuwaiti Affairs
Committee

Member
Social
Committee

Member
Research &
Studies Center

O. Al-Khadher
PhD student

Member
KHC
Chairman
Public Activities
Committee

Member
Students
Committee

Member
Research &
Studies Center

S. Al-Marzouq
Activist on
visit to London

Member
KHC
Member
Media
Committee

W. Al-Thaqib
Activist on
visit to London

Member
KHC
Member
Kuwaiti Affairs
Committee

Anwar Al-Sabah
Emir's daughter
on visit to London

Member
KHC
Member
Kuwaiti Affairs
Committee

Ali Al-Sabah
Kuwait Embassy
official

Member
KHC
Liaison
Kuwait Embassy

N. Al-Roumi
Chairwoman
Information Center
S. Al-Banay
Chairman
N. Al-Saddani
Chairwoman
Culture Committee
R. Al-Tamimi
Chairman
Public Relations Committee
A. Al-Salah
Chairman
Security & Administration
Committee
B. Al-Rifai
Chairman
Radio Station Committee
H. Al-Mazeedi
Chairman
Headquarters' Affairs
Committee
Sh. Al-Khamis
Chairwoman
Women's Committee
A. Al-Shatti
Chairman
Environmental Awareness
Committee
S. Al-Fraih
Chairwoman
Research & Studies Center
       
A. Al-Najjar
Chairman
Students Committee
A. Al-Kharafi
Chairman
Social Committee
K. Al-Awadhi
Supervisor
Road Show Committee
M. Al-Mutawa
Member
Engineering Committee
 
R. Al-Kharafi
Chairman
Sports Committee
 
M. Al-Mishari
Member
Medical Committee
       

Independent Volunteer Groups

A. Al-Kazemi
Member
Kuwaiti People's Committee
N. Al-Sane
Member
Kuwaiti Peoples' Movement
M. Taleb
Chairwoman
Kuwaiti-British Friendship
Committee
M. Lorrigan
Chairman
Friends of
Kuwait
N. Al-Naqi
Chairwoman
Kuwaiti Women's Association
D. Dorrington
Chairman
Hostages of the Middle East
K. Al-Ahmad
Chairman
Kuwaiti High Council
A. Obaidly
Administrative Head
National Union of Kuwaiti Students in the UK & Ireland

The chart below illustrates the relationship among the various committees.
Diagram courtesy of Dr. Bader Al-Nashi, Vice Chairman of the Kuwaiti High Committee during the time of the FKC.


Listed below are the volunteers who served on one or more of the FKC's committees.
Most of these names were obtained courtesy of Dr. Othman Al-Khadher from his book
The Heroic Acts of the Kuwaiti People in London During the Iraqi Invasion - 1990-1991
.
If your name is missing, we apologize and ask you to contact us at info@freekuwait.org.kw.

KUWAITI HIGH COMMITTEE

Formed on August 3, 1990, in response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the KHC created, oversaw, and funded 20 committees with a combined staff of nearly 200. The KHC liaised with Kuwaiti government agencies and institutions, foreign organizations, and regional British and Irish chapters of its student union affiliate. To sway Arab, British, and world public opinion to the side of the Kuwaiti cause, it developed broad strategies for countering Iraqi propaganda. These included creating media campaigns, sponsoring and participating in public forums, and organizing large street demonstrations. For the exiled Kuwaiti community, the KHC issued publications, held morale-building events, assisted those in need with obtaining financial aid, and established a medical clinic at their London Diwan.

Members
Abdulrahman Al-Obaidly, Chairman
Khalid Al-Hajri
Seham Al-Marzouq
Ali Al-Khalid Al-Sabah
Bader Al-Nashi, Vice Chairman
Ahmad Al-Houli
Wafiqa Al-Thaqib
Salah Al-Abduljader, Secretary General
Othman Al-Khadher
Sheikha Anwar Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

ADVISORY BOARD
Prominent Kuwaitis provided the KHC and its committees with guidance and various forms of support. Some of the most active members are listed here.

Members
Jassim Al-Kharafi
Dr. Abdulmohsen Jamal
Dr. Ali Shamlan
Sheikha Dr. Suad Al-Sabah
Ahmad Abdulsamad
Dr. Nasser Al-Sane
Dr. Hmoud Al-Ruqba

FINANCE COMMITTEE
This committee's main mission was collecting donations from individuals and organizations and dispensing these funds for activities of the various committees and for Kuwaiti families requiring aid.

Members
Bader Al-Nashi, Chairman
Sheikha Ahmad Al-Saadoun
Mishaal Al-Tamimi Salah Al-Abduljader

FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE
This committee's main mission was presentation of the Kuwaiti cause to foreign Islamic groups through publications, lectures, panel discussions, and rallies.

Members
Bader Al-Nashi, Chairman
Faisal Mandani

SECRETARY GENERAL'S OFFICE
This office's main responsibilities included official correspondence, scheduling of meetings, and administrative support for the KHC.

Members
Salah Al-Abduljader, Secretary General
Mishaal Al-Tamimi

MEDIA COMMITTEE
This committee was the focal point for gaining British support to liberate Kuwait through news media contact, political lobbying, grassroots activities, and information gathering and dissemination. Media contact included organizing press conferences and interviews. Lobbying included providing briefings and documentation for meetings with British politicians and arranging speaking engagements and debates at universities and local political meetings. The grassroots campaign encompassed organizing nationwide distribution of FKC memorabilia and literature, creating and maintaining links to the Friends of Kuwait movement, and helping to plan and organize demonstrations. Information activities included maintaining computerized databases on atrocities, hostages, and the Friends of Kuwait membership and disseminating pertinent information to such groups as Amnesty International. (For the original documents outlining the FKC's goals and functions, see 7025-7028.)

Members
Khalid Al-Hajri, Chairman
Seham Al-Marzouq
Gary Eales
Mousa Marafi
Dina Sultan
Yousif Mousa Marafi
Muna Al-Mousa
Nasser Al-Harbi
Faisal Mandani
Adela Al-Sayer
Ali Al-Mulaifi
Sundus Hamza Abbas
Maha Al-Barjas
Carolyn Tshering
Talal Showaish
Fadia Al-Sabah
Mohamed Mubarak Al-Sabah
Dr. Yousif Shuhaibar
Amna Fahad Al-Sabah
Ghada Al-Bahar 
Iman Fahad Al-Sabah
Michael Lorrigan
Basma Al-Naqib
Ibrahim Qabazard
Bader Mousa Marafi
Jamayel Al-Sabah
Dr. Ahmad Ja'far Al-Kandari
Mohamed Al-Marzouq 
Sabah Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah 

KUWAITI AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
This committee liaised with government agencies to provide about 2,000 Kuwaiti families in the UK with living arrangements and funds where required and/or to follow up on the educational needs of their children. The committee members also helped new arrivals from Kuwait and other countries to find assistance and settle in the UK.

Members
Ahmad Al-Houli, Chairman
Sheikha Al-Sabah
Nabila Al-Sani'a
Adela Al-Sayer
Adela Al-Kharafi
Atarid Al-Thaqib
Reem Al-Jaber
Naima Al-Thaqeef
Yousif Al-Mutawa
Asma Al-Khamis
Salwa Al-Abdul Hadi
Ebtisam Al-Bassam
Muna Al-Saadoun
Najwa Al-Fouzan
Fawziyah Al-Na'ssar
Salwa Al-Amari
Azza Al-Sabah
Taghrid Al-Mefleh
Sahar Al-Masha'an
Lubna Al-Naqib
Dina Ibrahim Al-Anjari
Alia Jaber
Mohamed Al-Otaibi
Sanaa’ Al-Khamis
Sahar Khalid Al-Banay
Abdulkareem Al-Mutair
Omniya Al-Sabah
Manal Al-Bader
Wafiqa Al-Thaqib
Maha Al-Sani'a
Dr. Najma Al-Kharafi
Hayat Abu Hadidah
Lamia' Al-Dakhan
Lubna Al-Abdul Razzak
Hetaf Al-Abdulmohsen
Iman Al-Dakhan
Najat Al-Marzouq
Ghyad Al-Khatrash
Abdulaziz Al-Kharafi
Farah Al-Roumi
Alia Al-Azbi

PUBLIC ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE
This committee formulated plans for public events and coordinated these plans with those committees involved in such activities and with groups in other nations.

Members
Othman Al-Khadher, Chairman
Sanaa’ Al-Khamis
Alaa' Al-Salah
Hani Karam
Rashid Al-Tamimi

CULTURE COMMITTEE
This committee created posters and banners for public events, designed advertisements, issued leaflets and brochures, prepared video recordings, and organized art contests and projects for children. It published the weekly Kuwait Al-Tahady newsletter, which later became a magazine, and the weekly, later daily, Kuwait Al-Tahreer newsletter.

Members
Salem Al-Banay, Chairman
Eisa Boutaiban, Circulation
Ala Fej'an Al-Mutari
Reem Al-Bahar
Mustafa Al-Thaqib
Sheikha Al-Saadoun
Lila Al-Sane
Heba Al-Tamimi
Nouriya Al-Saddani, Chairwoman
Omar Buhamad, Photography
Fatima Al-Sarhan
Esra'a Al-Mefleh
Sheikha Al-Thaqib
Abdullah Al-Mulla
Salah Al-Sayegh
Zainab Boushahri
Abdulmohsen Sheshtar, Advertising/Design
Khalid Al-Muraifi'
Sharifa Al-Sarhan
Taghrid Al-Mefleh
Khalid Al-Tewari
Talal Al-Mejil
Asma Al-Naqi

SECURITY & ADMINISTRATION COMMITTEE
This committee was responsible for safety during public activities. Its duties included recruiting volunteers to maintain order during demonstrations and liaising with the police department.

Members
Alaa' Al-Salah, Chairman

HEADQUARTERS' AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
This committee was responsible for fulfilling the needs of the staff working in the FKC headquarters office at 41 Porchester Terrace. Dr. Mazeedi oversaw the general operation of the premises with particular attention to the Higher Committee's requirements. Ms. Al-Saadoun was in charge of meeting the needs of the Women's Committee.

Members
Dr. Hani Al-Mazeedi, Chairman
Hasan Al-Mousawi Muna Al-Saadoun

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS COMMITTEE
This committee, through publications, seminars, and participation in conferences, publicized and warned of the environmental damage resulting from setting fire to oil wells.

Members
Dr. Ahmad Al-Shatti, Chairman Dr. Seham Al-Fraih

INFORMATION CENTER
This committee acted as a clearinghouse for all printed and broadcasted information relevant to the FKC and published by the FKC. It collected and distributed information pertinent to specific committees, issued a daily news bulletin for all committees, and followed up on news media broadcasts. Its archive is housed at the Center for Research & Studies on Kuwait (CRSK) in Al-Mansuria.

Members
Dr. Nouriya Al-Roumi, Chairwoman
Ayesha Barjas Hmoud Al-Barjas
Asma Al-Mefleh
Azara Ahmad Al-Kandari
Manal Al-Bader
Ala Fej'an Al-Mutair
Reem Al-Bahar
Reem Fahad Al-Haqan
Musab Mandani
Athari Al-Kandari
Reem Al-Fulaij
Abir Mohamed Sultan
Mariam Mubarak Al-Mubaraki
Nora Ghazi Al-Nafisi
Mayson Al-Bader
Fatima Al-Sarhan
Hussah Al-Luheeb
Bader Al-Sane
Danya Mustafa Karam
Jehan Al-Qabandi
Raina Al-Fulaij
Sulaf Abdulaziz Al-Shayji
Mariam Al-Zamami
Anwar Ghazi Al-Nafisi
Sheikha Al-Saadoun
Sharifa Al-Sarhan
Danah Al-Luheeb
Jassim Al-Sane
Khalid Al-Barjas
Huda Fahad Al-Salim Al-Sabah

PUBLIC RELATIONS COMMITTEE
This committee welcomed visitors to FKC headquarters, referred their requests to the appropriate body, distributed KHC documents and Kuwaiti newspapers gratis, handled phone inquiries, and visited hospital patients. It also had the vital task of ensuring the safety of the FKC staff and premises.

Members
Rashid Al-Tamimi, Chairman
Faisal Al-Qabandi
Reem Al-Bahar
Sharifa Al-Sarhan
Haifa Al-Zahem
Ala Fej'an Al-Mutari
Musab Mandani
Manal Al-Bader
Asma Al-Khamis
Wathaah Al-Rifai
Sanaa’ Al-Khamis
Heba Al-Tamimi
Sheikha Al-Thaqib
Fatima Al-Sarhan
Abdullah Al-Mulla
Bader Al-Sane
Raina Al-Fulaij
Mayson Al-Bader
Talal Al-Mejel
Walid Al-Awadhi
Abdulrahman Muhammad bin Ali
Wud Al-Tamimi
Mustafa Al-Thaqib
Khalid Al-Tewari
Salem Al-Banay
Jassim Al-Sane
Danya Mustafa Karam
Bibi Fahad Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah
Mohamed Al-Marzouq

RADIO STATION COMMITTEE
This committee transmitted a daily Voice of Kuwait radio program in Arabic at 10:00 pm via Spectrum Radio Network. Broadcast length varied from a half to a full hour depending on available content, and it reached communities in all of southern England and in parts of France. The program reported news of political and military developments involving the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait. There were also interviews, rousing patriotic songs, and a series prepared by the Kuwaiti Media Center in Cairo. The program's last segment was dedicated to pxcdsolitical commentary and analysis. Such intellectuals as Dr. Abdulmohsen Jamal and the poet Najm Abdulkareem were guests. (To listen to a sample program, visit A001.)

Members
Bader Al-Rifai, Chairman
Khalid Al-Muraifi'
Mohamed Al-Mutawa, Announcer
Faisal Mandani
Bader Al-Baloul

WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
This committee created exhibitions on Kuwaiti culture, visited hospital patients, and developed programs for Kuwaiti children and for trainees in first aid and nursing. Some Kuwaiti women used the expertise gained in these courses to qualify as Red Crescent Society volunteers in the aftermath of the Gulf War.

Members
Sharifa Al-Khamis, Chairwoman
Dr. Seham Al-Fraih
Maha Al-Hoti
Muna Al-Yaqout
Huda Al-Dahishi
Ferial Al-Essa
Hafsa Al-Hamdan
Mariam Al-Kandari
Fatima Al-Gheith

RESEARCH & STUDIES CENTER
This committee created studies on how the invasion currently affected the Gulf region and other Muslim nations and monitored the invasion's future political and economic implications.

Members
Dr. Seham Al-Fraih, Chairwoman
Salah Al-Abduljader
Dr. Jassim Al-Khawajah
Dr. Ahmad Ja'far Al-Kandari
Faisal Al-Kandari
Dr. Ahmad Al-Shatti
Bader Al-Nashi
Othman Al-Khadher
Ahmad Al-Houli
Khalid Al-Hajri

STUDENTS COMMITTEE
This committee motivated Kuwaiti students throughout Britain to work for the nation's liberation. It provided them with FKC literature, media kits, and memorabilia, and organized exhibitions at their universities.

Members
Abdulaziz Al-Najjar, Chairman
Bader Al-Nashi
Dr. Ahmad Ja'far Al-Kandari
Dr. Ahmad Al-Shatti
Othman Al-Khadher

SOCIAL COMMITTEE
Set up in mid-November, this committee promoted cohesion within the Kuwaiti community by offering religious, social, and medical services. It oversaw the London Diwan, a building with a prayer room, a meeting room for diwaniyas and guest speakers, and a clinic staffed with Kuwaiti doctors. Social services included assistance with housing issues, support for needy families, and organization of sports activities.

Members
Adel Al-Kharafi, Chairman
Ahmad Al-Khalid
Basel Al-Ghanim
Bassam Al-Mubaraki
Mohamed Al-Ajami
Abdulaziz Al-Tuwaijri
Mohamed Al-Rajib
Khalid Al-Otaiqi
Ahmad Al-Houli
Hamad Al-Zabin
Dawood Al-Ghanim
Salah Al-Khalid
Walid Al-Nasrallah
Essa Borahmah
Adel Al-Jimaz
Hussein Nasir
Mohamed Al-Shatti
Yousif Hamad Al-Roumi
Walid Al-Sallal
Abdul Wahab Al-Marzouq
Khalid Al-Hmoud
Jamal Al-Omairi
Mahmoud Al-Sayed
Abdullah Taifoni

SPORTS COMMITTEE
This committee, a subdivision of the Social Committee, promoted health, social bonding, and recreation through the organization of sports activities. It organized 2 soccer matches against British teams on January 1 (St. Albans) in front of 300 FKC supporters and January 14 (Old Stars of Englsnd). After the January 1 match, FK team captain Jassim Al-Sabti stated: “We would like to show the world that, although our country has been temporarily occupied, our spirit has not been extinguished.” After liberation, the St. Albans team sent the FKC staff one of the first greeting cards of congratulations.

Members
Rafid Al-Kharafi, Chairman
Khalifa Al-Ghanim
Abdulaziz Al-Marzouq, Supervisor
Ghazi Al-Zahem
Jassim Al-Sabti, Trainer

MEDICAL COMMITTEE
This committee, a subdivision of the Social Committee, was staffed with Kuwaiti doctors offering free medical services at the committee's clinic.

Members
Dr. Mohamed Al-Mishari
Dr. Hind Al-Shoumer
Dr. Sabah Al-Bassam Dr. Mazin Al-Essa

ROAD SHOW COMMITTEE
This committee was in charge of a traveling exhibition that documented the property destruction being done in Kuwait and the crimes against its residents. The exhibition was shown at 131 British universities.

Members
Khalid Al-Awadhi, Supervisor
Alaa' Al-Salah, Supervisor

ENGINEERING COMMITTEE
This proposed committee aimed to enlist engineers to aid in rebuilding Kuwait and to train technicians in the specific skills needed for the task. Due to the distractions caused by the Gulf War and its short duration, the High Committee did not have a chance to formalize this committee's creation.

Members
Marwan Hesham Al-Mutawa
Mohamed Abdulkhadher Ibrahim

SUPPORT STAFF
These individuals provided invaluable administrative assistance wherever needed to many committees. This included reception desk duties, preparing mailings, and creating placards for marchers. Some were not members of any specific committee.

Members
Bader Mousa Marafi
Christine Shaban
Heba Al-Tamimi
Sheikha Al-Thaqib
Ivana
Yousif Mousa Marafi
Huda Al-Zahem
Mishaal Al-Tamami
Walid Al-Awadhi
Moaz
Sanaa’ Al-Khamis
Moudhi Al-Sabah
Rashid Al-Tamimi
Ulla Al-Mutair

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
These contacts were instrumental in promoting the FKC in the UK outside London. Please help us fill in the blanks.

Contacts
Aberdeen:
Belfast:
Birmingham:
Bradford:
Brighton:
Bristol:
Cambridge: Adel Al-Ali
Canterbury:
Cardiff:
Coventry:
Dublin:
Dundee:
Edinburgh:
Exeter:
Glasgow:
Hull:
Leeds:
Leicester:
Liverpool:
Luton:
Manchester:
Middlesbrough:
Newcastle upon Tyne:
Nottingham:
Oxford: Mohamed Mubarak Al-Sabah
Plymouth:
Portsmouth:
Sheffield:
Southampton:
Tralee:
York:


INDEPENDENT GROUPS

These volunteer organizations were not formed under the auspices of the High Committee, but they had a cooperative working relationship with some of its committees.

KUWAITI PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE
This committee had no chairman or formal membership. It provided a fixed location for men to meet every night to exchange news and discuss the crisis. Distinguished guest speakers from Kuwait and other nations attended some of the meetings. The committee published a newsletter, Beladi. Several weeks after liberation, a few dozen of the KPC participants gathered in front of 10 Downing Street for a demonstration on behalf of The Missing (Kuwiati civilians and POWs who vanished in Iraq). A few of the most active attendees are listed below.

Participants
Abdulmutalib Al-Kazemi
Mustafa Al-Sarraf
Abdulmohsen Sheshtar
Ali Qadanfari
Ali Al-Matrouk
Adel Al-Yousifi
Sadiq Al-Mutawa
Dr. Abdulmohsen Jamal

SPORTS COMMITTEE
This committee was an offshoot of the KPC. Its main purpose was to get Kuwaiti men in shape for possible military service. The exercisers included mainly those who had completed their compulsory military service. They planned to train almost daily mainly by racing and, the High Committee's Sports Committee, they organized 2 soccer matches against British teams. (Media Committee members Carolyn Tshering and Bader Mousa Marafi helped to obtain good publicity for the matches as FKC events.) Participation faded once it became clear that coalition commanders intended to use only soldiers currently on active duty. Kuwaiti doctors volunteered to treat injuries or health problems occurring in the field during Sports Committee activities. After liberation, committee members still in the UK in May organized a Run for Freedom as part of a larger effort with groups in 10 other countries. The aim was collecting signatures to petition the UN Secretary General to try harder for the release of hundreds of missing Kuwaitis believed to be held hostage in Iraq.

Members
Adel Khalifa, Supervisor
Jamal Al-Nibari
Khalid Al-Atar
Abdullah Hayat
Khalifa Al-Dabbous
Abdulaziz Murad

KUWAITI-BRITISH FRIENDSHIP COMMITTEE
By visiting individual families and hospital patients and by attending large public meetings and memorial services for the war dead, this organization offered face-to-face moral support and information about the Kuwaiti cause to the English, Scottish, and Northern Irish families of soldiers serving In the Gulf. After liberation on March 8, committee members visited wounded British soldiers at Queen Elizabeth Military Hospital in Woolwich, to say thanks and offer gifts. The organization was also known as British-Kuwaiti Forces & Families Association.

Members
Mona Taleb, Chairwoman
Amina Al-Mulaifi
Najla Al-Naqi
Huda Al-Zahem
Christine Shaban
John Lewinton
Carolyn Tshering

KUWAITI WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION
This organization increased the role of women in the FKC through street marches held in late September through early October, participation in a large demonstration outside the Iraqi Embassy, and a charity bazaar to provide financial relief to war victims and their families. Its chairwoman published a newsletter for and about women, Sawt Al-Mar'a Kuwaitiyah.

Members
Najla Al-Naqi, Chairwoman

KUWAITI HIGH COUNCIL
This council, created by the Emir's representative in London to ease the burdens of Kuwaitis living in exile, formulated government policies for housing, health services, and other aspects of daily life.

Members
Sheikh Khalid Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Chairman
Ali Al-Adsani
Khalid Al-Khamis
Dr. Abdulrahman Al-Awadhi
Dr. Sadiqa Al-Awadhi
Khalid Abdul Salam
Mohamed Sulaiman Saied Ali
Dr. Sadad Sabri

KUWAITI PEOPLE'S MOVEMENT
This group of intellectuals aimed to involve all Kuwaitis in the struggle for liberation. Their scope was international.

FRIENDS OF KUWAIT
Invented by Michael Lorrigan in August 1990 during an interview with the news media, this group of British supporters grew from zero to more than 8,000 by the time the Gulf War was underway. Many members were based in colleges and universities, which enabled the FKC to influence debates and neutralize the strong anti-intervention sentiments held by most Student Union officials. Membership received a large boost from November onwards as returning hostages and their families and friends joined the organization. Members participated in demonstrations and public meetings, organized public meetings featuring FKC speakers, distributed FKC literature, published a newsletter 'Free Kuwait' Campaign, and, after liberation, took up the Kuwaiti cause of The Missing. The organization was also known as British Friends of Kuwait.

Members
Michael Lorringan, Chariman Gary Eales, Vice Chairman Carolyn Tshering, Membership Database

HOSTAGES OF THE MIDDLE EAST
HOME was formed in Britain in mid-December right after the hostages and hideaways arrived home. The organization counseled those members suffering from stress, met with the Kuwaiti Ambassador, liaised with British Military Intelligence, and supported the FKC by appearing on talk shows and participating in press conferences to report on conditions inside Kuwait and to urge military intervention to liberate the nation. On December 11 and 12, intense press coverage greeted the returnees at Gatwick. On December 14, 10 returnees participated in a press conference attended by journalists from 4 TV stations and 16 major newspapers. They thanked the Kuwaitis for helping to keep most of them safely hidden, issued a joint statement demanding immediate Iraqi withdrawal from all of Kuwait, and they gave eyewitness and secondhand accounts of looting, beatings, rape, torture, and murder. Some members participated directly in FKC events by joining in demonstrations and addressing Kuwaitis in large meetings and in Hyde Park's Speakers' Corner.

NATIONAL UNION OF KUWAITI STUDENTS IN THE UK & IRELAND
This long-standing organization and its facilities formed the foundation for the FKC. Its London headquarters was turned into FKC headquarters. Most High Committee members were NUKS members and some were NUKS officials. Most regional organizers were students in British university towns whose local NUKS chapters were responsible for publicizing the FKC throughout England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland. Activities included distribution of FKC memorabilia and literature, organization of demonstrations and sit-ins, meetings with local government officials, and trips to London for participation in major events there.


OTHER ASSOCIATIONS

These non-volunteer organizations worked to further the goal of Kuwaiti liberation.

ASSOCIATION FOR FREE KUWAIT
AFK was set up in London with Kuwaiti staff paid by the Kuwaiti government.
It sponsored several public events, some jointly with FKC committees.

CITIZENS FOR A FREE KUWAIT
This campaign was professionally run in the US by Hill & Knowlton with American staff and paid for by the Kuwaiti government. H&K's office in London and several other US and British public affairs firms, such as Bell Pottinger, also provided paid services for the Kuwaiti government. These included political lobbying and filming events for broadcasting via satellite in occupied Kuwait.

 

On December 2, 1990, Abdulrahman Al-Obaidly, Chairman of the Kuwaiti High Committee, addressed a massive rally at Trafalgar Square in London. Four months earlier, within hours of the invasion, Al-Obaidly, as administrative head of the National Union of Students for the UK & Ireland, called for a meeting of fellow student activists to respond to the Iraqi attack on his homeland.

On September 9, 1990, Adel Al-Ali was interviewed by a journalist during a demonstration in London. As a doctoral candidate in law at Cambridge, Al-Ali assisted the FKC in both locations and traveled back and forth between both. Al-Ali spoke and moderated at FKC meetings, spoke at FKC rallies, and addressed various conferences in different UK cities on behalf of the FKC. After accepting a job at a US law firm and moving to Washington, DC, in mid-autumn, Al-Ali continued to appear in London frequently for major FKC events. On November 2, he hosted a moving interfaith ceremony at St. Martin-in-the-Fields.

On October 29, 1990, Adeeb Shuhaibar and Dr. Nasser Al-Sane (using pseudonyms for security reasons) were in Glasgow to start a speaking tour of Britain on behalf of the Kuwaiti cause. Now that the occupation had endured for nearly 3 months, their message was: stronger measures than diplomacy are needed to restore Kuwait’s legitimate government. Many prominent Kuwaitis engaged in similar public efforts, though they were not necessarily members of any FKC committee.

On October 23, 1990, Salah Al-Abduljader, Secretary General of the Kuwaiti High Committee, greeted attendees of a lecture on Iraqi crimes and Kuwaiti unity in opposing the occupation. Al-Abduljader served as the moderator at the event.

On November 2, 1990, Dina Sultan took part in a moving ceremony at St. Martin-in- the-Fields by placing a lit candle on floor map of Kuwait. The candles stood for families who had lost a relative due to the invasion and occupation. Sultan, one of the Media Committee’s most well-spoken, effective, and dependable members, had to leave the UK in mid-December for family reasons.

On December 16, 1990, Vice Chairman Bader Al-Nashi of the Kuwaiti High Committee, spoke to a large audience at an event sponsored by the Kuwaiti People’s Committee. Many dignitaries attended this event, which, through speeches, songs, and poetry readings, promoted solidarity among Kuwaitis from all walks of life.

On chilly January 2, 1991, Carolyn Tshering protested outside the Iraqi Embassy – one of many rallies and vigils, large and small, that she attended. The FKC staged an event on the 2nd day of each month, the anniversary of the August 2 invasion. In Tshering’s words: “Like our rallies, the vigils always seemed to be held on the coldest possible day with biting winds. Permission from the police had to be sought as they needed to know the approximate number of people expected so they could bring enough barriers. A rota of volunteers was drawn up, depending on the vigil’s length. Up to 40 placards had to be made and a press release issued. Though some of our vigils were only 7 hours long, when you stand in the biting wind, with rumbling stomachs, each minute seems like an hour. But whatever we did, be it marching or standing, we knew how little we suffered compared with what our relatives and friends were going through in Kuwait. This made us more determined to awaken the world to their suffering.”

On January 13, 1991, the FKC staged its last major march and rally. As always, participants included Basma Al-Naqib (on right) and Sundus Hamza Abbas, core members of the Media Committee. The mood was lightened by news of the coalition force buildup and hope that liberation might not be too far off.

During the intense days of the Gulf War, Muna Al-Mousa gave an interview to TV journalists at FKC headquarters at Porchester Terrace. A fluent speaker of English with sharp political awareness, the photogenic Al-Mousa was often in front of the cameras before and after the start of the war to convey the Kuwaiti cause to the British public. Al-Mousa was a great asset to the FKC despite being unavailable full time due to employment at Kuwait Petroleum International.

On November 29, 1990, Michael Lorrigan prepared for the big rally on December 2. He then left to campaign in the US and returned after the coalition force air strikes were underway. Was the FKC still relevant? In Lorrigan’s words: “There was still work to be done on broadcasting into Kuwait about what to do in case chemical weapons were used. Ibrahim Qabazard helped put this information together, and somehow it was broadcast into Kuwait. The campaign’s final relevant action was to get some TV stations to install equipment on the roof of Porchester Terrace so that they could come to ‘The Bunker’ (our basement office) and get instant live feedback to their studios. This was their suggestion, not ours. In the days leading up to liberation, the bunker was full of journalists giving live feed, as can be seen from the photos taken at the time.”

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